1. Backlund E, Sorlie PD, Johnson NJ. A comparison of the relationships of education and income with mortality: the National Longitudinal Mortality Study. Soc Sci Med. 1999;49(10):1373-84.
2. U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services. 2000. Healthy People 2010: Understanding and improving health. 2nd edition. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office.
3. California Dropout Research Project. April 2009. How California's Dropout Crisis Affects Communities. Economic Losses for the City of San Francisco. UC Santa Barbara, Gevirtz Graduate School of Education. http://cdrp.ucsb.edu/
4. U.S. Census Bureau, Income, Poverty, and Health Insurance Coverage in the United States: 2008; Current Population Report No. P60-235.
High School Graduation Rate
The High School Graduation Rate indicator measures the number of students entering neighborhood schools who graduate in four years with a regular high school diploma. High school graduation rates have been linked to several factors related to health outcomes: students who graduate are less likely to engage in unhealthy behavior such as drug and alcohol abuse, incur early pregnancies, or participate in criminal activity. Dropping out of school before obtaining a high school diploma is associated with delayed employment opportunities, poverty, and poor health, while graduating from high school is associated with improved economic stability and income. In fact, the report, Poverty in the United States: 2008, finds that 34.7% of adults 25-34 years old without a high school diploma were living in poverty in 2008, compared to 16.7% of individuals whose highest level of educational attainment was a high school diploma. Data for the High School Graduation Rate is available from the Alabama State Department of Education.